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How to Treat Dogwood Anthracnose Naturally?


Dogwood Anthracnose is a devastating disease of dogwood trees in the different parts especially caused by fungus Discula destructiva. This disease not only ruins these trees’ beauty but can also cause them to fall critically sick and in the extreme cases end up dead. Accompanied with its environmental impact and aesthetic value of dogwoods; however, finding the appropriate treatment methods is necessary. 

Chemical treatments have been conventional to solve various problems but the need for natural remedies is non-negotiable. Biological disease control provides a balance  of natural and deliberate chemical treatments and provides a balance in the treatment of this disease guaranteeing you healthy trees. Continue reading the blog to know how to treat dogwood anthracnose naturally.

Dogwood-Anthracnose-Infected-Leaves-With-Spots-And-Discoloration

Identifying Dogwood Anthracnose

Symptoms of anthracnose dogwood

Anthracnose dogwood treatment starts with early identification of symptoms. Early identification is critical to successful management practices for this disease complex. Symptoms are leaf spots with purple margins, twig blight and sunken lesions on stems and fruits. As the disease develops these symptoms are more obvious, ultimately resulting in massive defoliation and dieback.

Stages of Infection

The infection commences with spore germination in wet conditions; the pathogen that causes damage to leaf tissue and eventually infects twigs and branches. Knowing about these phases is essential so that the anthracnose dogwood treatment process could better proceed in case of timely intervention.

Natural Control Practices to Treat dogwood anthracnose

To combat anthracnose dogwood naturally, several effective methods can be employed beyond the conventional approaches:

  • Boosting Plant Immunity: Strengthen the tree’s natural defenses by ensuring it receives balanced nutrition, particularly emphasizing potassium and phosphorus to enhance overall resilience against diseases.
  • Beneficial Microorganisms: Introducing beneficial microbes into the soil, such as mycorrhizal fungi and beneficial bacteria, can help improve soil health and support the tree’s ability to fend off pathogens.
  • Biodiversity in Planting: Planting a diverse range of species around dogwoods can reduce the spread of disease by interrupting the lifecycle of the pathogen. This diversity also attracts beneficial insects and birds that may help control disease spread.

Close-Up-View-Of-Dogwood-Anthracnose-On-Leaves-Showing-Brown-Spots-And-Discoloration

  • Proper Waste Disposal: Remove and properly dispose of all infected leaves and branches. You should do this carefully to prevent spreading spores to other areas. Unless your system reaches high temperatures to kill the spores, avoid composting.
  • Foliar Sprays with Herbal Extracts: Spraying the foliage with herbal teas made from plants with fungicidal properties, like garlic, horsetail, or chamomile, can provide a natural method to help control fungal diseases. These should be applied regularly and after rain.
  • Soil Health Management: Enhancing soil health through the addition of organic matter can improve drainage and reduce the moisture conditions that favor the growth of anthracnose. Regular applications of compost or well-rotted manure will enrich soil biodiversity and structure.
  • Water Management: Water the trees at the base to avoid wetting the leaves, as prolonged leaf wetness can encourage fungal diseases. If possible, use drip irrigation to minimize water contact with the foliage.
  • Mulching: Apply organic mulch around the base of the tree to help retain soil moisture, regulate soil temperature, and reduce the growth of weeds that can harbor pests and diseases. Ensure the mulch is not piled against the trunk to prevent moisture buildup that can lead to rot.

By integrating these methods into a comprehensive care regimen, gardeners and landscapers can significantly reduce the impact of Dogwood Anthracnose while supporting a healthier garden ecosystem.

Biological Control Practices

In the battle against dogwood anthracnose, farmers usually struggle with the question of how to treat dogwood anthracnose naturally? The biological control practices emerge as a hero strategy of fighting this deadly disease which needs to be applied in order for it to become manageable. Leading the solutions in this state is TRIANUM SHIELD, a product with trichoderma harzianum as an active substance; a beneficial dogwood anthracnose fungicide. It is known for its amazing power to protect plants from soil diseases.

The Trichoderma harzianum strain effectively promotes plant growth and improves soil structure. It boosts development in roots and aerial parts. This biofungicide forms a symbiotic relationship with plants. It colonizes the root system, protecting against soil-borne diseases.

Trianum-Shield-Application-On-Dogwood-Tree-To-Treat-Dogwood-Anthracnose-Disease

Beneficial Microorganisms

Introducing beneficial microorganisms, such as Trichoderma harzianum, a natural dogwood anthracnose treatment that combats this disease. These organisms compete with the anthracnose fungus, reducing its ability to infect the tree.

TRIANUM SHIELD is a broad-spectrum biofungicide designed to combat a range of plant diseases and root pathogens. Trichoderma harzianum strain boosts plant growth and improves soil structure. It enhances root and aerial part development. As a biofungicide, it forms symbiotic relationships with plants. Trichoderma colonizes root systems, protecting against soil-borne diseases.

The mechanisms of action for TRIANUM SHIELD are multilayered. It competes for space and resources, outcompeting other fungal pathogens. It consumes pathogenic fungi, destroying their cell walls. This action leads to the pathogens’ death. It also enhances the plant’s nutrient absorption, boosting resistance and defense.

Benefits of using TRIANUM SHIELD include:

  • Defense against pathogenic fungi, improving root health.
  • Enhanced crop stand preservation and nutrition absorption.
  • Increased stress tolerance, potentially leading to higher yields.
  • Compatibility with organic production due to leaving no residue.

Mycorrhizal Fungi and Other Beneficials

Mycorrhizal fungi, including Trichoderma harzianum form symbiotic relationships with dogwood roots, improving water and nutrient uptake and enhancing stress resistance. Incorporating these fungi can significantly bolster a tree’s defense against anthracnose.

Trichoderma harzianum, a garden-friendly fungicide, can be applied to soil around plants or used as a foliar spray. It enhances nutrient uptake from the soil, improves its structure, and promotes plant root growth. This organic disease controlling agent is attacking root rot diseases and a good way to make the plants healthy with their own exaggerated immunity.

Trichoderma harzianum produces metabolites that block pathogenic fungi growth, reproduction, and infection. It emits enzymes that dissolve pathogenic bacteria’s cell walls. These actions stimulate the plant’s immune system. They also make crops more resistant to diseases.

Key benefits include:

  • Biocontrol of soil-borne diseases caused by pathogens like Rhizoctonia, Pythium, Fusarium, and others.
  • Encouragement of root system expansion, improving the plant’s nutrient and moisture absorption.
  • Boost in crop quality and output potential, with no harm to the environment or crops.

Application Methods

Applying biological anthracnose dogwood treatments requires understanding the specific needs of the tree and the characteristics of the biological agent. Methods range from soil amendments to foliar applications. Application rates for Trichoderma harzianum range from 1.5–3 kg per acre, applied as soon as possible to the crop for best results. You can apply it through various methods, including broadcast application, hill dressing, and root irrigation, among others.

Dosage and Timing

Dogwood-Tree-Leaf-With-Signs-Of-Dogwood-Anthracnose-Including-Brown-Lesions-And-Wilt

Correct dosage and timing are critical for the success of biological treatments. Recommendations vary based on the product and the extent of the infection but generally involve applications in early spring and possibly again during the growing season for prevention.

For optimal results, TRIANUM SHIELD should be applied at a rate of 3 kgs per acre to the crop as early as possible, with a reapplication after 10-12 weeks for season-long control. It can be applied using various application methods, such as spray treatment; drip-irrigation and soil drenching, for both mature crops already planted in the field as well as seeds, transplants, bulbs cuttings and grafts.

Conclusion

Managing dogwood anthracnose treatment effectively requires a balanced approach that includes natural treatments and, when necessary, selective chemical interventions. By adopting sustainable gardening practices and leveraging the power of biological control, gardeners and arborists can protect dogwood trees from anthracnose while supporting the health of the environment. The journey to healthy dogwoods is a testament to the power of integrating cultural, chemical, and biological strategies in disease management, ensuring the beauty and vitality of these cherished trees for generations to come.

References:

  1. Mmbaga, Margaret T., Lucas M. Mackasmiel, and Frank A. Mrema. “Evaluation of biological agents for control of macrophomina root rot and powdery mildew in flowering dogwood (Cornus Florida L.).” HortScience 53.10 (2018): 1461-1466.
  2. Brown, Matthew S., et al. “Evaluation of fungicides and biofungicide to control Phytophthora root rot (Phytophthora cinnamomi Rands) and ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) on flowering dogwoods exposed to simulated flood events.” Crop Protection 124 (2019): 104834.

 

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