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Tips to Control Potato Leafhopper-A comprehensive guide


Potato leafhoppers are hazardous creatures and are part of the leafhopper family Cicadellidae. If a potato leafhopper is adult, then mostly it looks limey and bright green. It is around 3 mm long, making it a hazardous one when attacking the crops, especially the potato ones. Adult ones are very active insects and also fly above the plants when disrupted as they are at the end of what we call as potato leafhopper lifecycle.

The nymphs that do not have wings prefer to move from side to side as they do not have the complete movement capacity.

This pest can attack wild plants, legumes, and cultivated crops. When these insects feed on the plant, you will see a different result that weakens the plants, and it is called “hopper burn.”

Potato-leafhopper-on-leaf

Cultural Practices to prevent potato leafhopper

Cultural practices are essential to prevent potato leafhopper attacks when your plantation is on a small scale or you want to save money and soil by avoiding chemical methods. There are a few things you can do as part of your cultural practices for potato leafhopper control, and they are:

  • Crop rotation: Rotating crops, like sometimes having paddy, legumes, and sometimes potatoes can help you to keep soil healthy and self-preventive against insects like potato leafhoppers. It makes soil resistant to the dangerous varieties of insects. Potato leafhopper life cycle is quite dangerous for potatoes and it is important to avoid it as much as possible.
  • Disease-free transplants: Many plants, like the potato, suffer from weak seeds or the ones having diseases. Many plants face illnesses that are generally seed-borne. Leafhoppers can quickly attack such vulnerable plants and can also attack the seeds. Checking the seeds and choosing for disease-free transplant is a significant part of cultural practices.
  • Staking and pruning: Staking and pruning constantly never lets a group of potato leafhoppers settle well. You can choose and vigorously prune the crops depending on the types of potatoes you are growing. It never allows the leafhoppers’ population to grow exponentially.
  • Sanitation through removing debris: Sanitation is usually the thing that you should never avoid while doing any plantation, not only the potato ones. If you keep the debris unattended or even remove it without cleaning the space properly, then the potato leafhoppers get their grooming place in your garden or farm.
  • Avoiding injury and insect damage: Insect-related damage or injuries attract more insects to suck out the life from a potato plant very quickly. Try to avoid it as much as possible and keep the potato plants healthy and strong always. This way, you can ensure that your plants are always in a position of being self-protective against dangerous insects, too.
  • Resistant varieties: Resistant varieties of potato plants are hard to find, but if you get some with proper research according to the climate and conditions of the place where you are farming, then always prefer the resistant varieties only as per the cultural practice and cultivation process.

Potato-leafhopper-damage-on-potato-plant

Chemical Practices to Control Potato Leafhopper 

Farmers usually prefer chemical practices to quickly address diseases in high-demand crops like potatoes. They actively use antibiotics, such as streptomycin, to combat illnesses spread by potato leafhoppers. Selective insecticides effectively fight against potato leafhoppers. As part of chemical practices, farmers apply soil fumigants to the soil, which form a gas to control pests rapidly. These chemicals work like magic to save the potato plantations from dangerous adult potato leafhoppers.

Concerns over resistance and environmental impact

The environmental impact these chemicals leave is quite dangerous. Soil fumigants can even disrupt the plant growth itself, while the insecticides might not target the specific insects and kill the beneficial insects present in the soil, too. Chemical methods should always be preferred when there is no alternative, as these methods are known to destroy the ground too easily.

Biological Practices to Control Potato Leafhopper 

Novobac’s research in sustainable agriculture makes biological practices, like organic potato leafhopper control, ideal for maintaining soil quality and plant health. While many people are not practicing it with proper awareness, it is the best possible option.

Beveria WP containing Beauveria bassiana is a very effective bio-insecticide to do biological control of potato leafhopper. Beauveria bassiana is a naturally occurring fungus and provides terrific control against a lot of pests, including whiteflies, thrips, aphids, and other garden insects. It is an ideal choice as it can act as a natural pesticide for any indoor garden or outdoor garden. Potato plants can be protected quickly and can maintain excellent health very easily.

Beveria-WP-product-for-potato-leafhopper-control

It is like magic for people looking to have a good crop season without hampering the soil for future generations by doing biological management of potato leafhopper. You need not worry thinking how to get rid of potato leafhoppers while doing biological practices.

How does B. bassiana to Control Potato Leafhopper?

Beauveria bassiana controls insect vectors very quickly. This fungus is found naturally in soils all over the world. Fungi spores attach to insect cuticles, germinate, colonize inside, and release toxins, quickly killing the insect.It acts as a long-lasting control method, as you can see the effects on the whole farm.

Advantages over chemical insecticides

Chemical insecticides often have side effects, whereas biological practices are safer, targeting only specific pests. It is a natural and eco-friendly option. It provides control over a lousy group of insects very quickly, making it the best option as a vegetable insecticide, especially when we are talking about potatoes. If you combine sanitation with it, then you can get an enhanced level of control very quickly.

Why Biological Practices are Better to Control Potato Leafhopper ?

Biological practices are usually better as compared to chemical practices. There are a few reasons:

  • Targets disease transmission by insects and does not add up other beneficial insects and kills them.
  • A non-toxic mode of action is always necessary if you want to protect the soil.
  • Minimal impact on beneficial insects and does not create havoc by killing the beneficial insects that provide nutrition to the soil.
  • Avoiding resistance issues is always necessary as you cannot always get the resistant variant of the potatoes, and with biological practice, you can easily take care of that.
  • IPM programs usually work to manage indoor and outdoor crops. It prevents the pests from becoming a constant threat in a particular field or garden. You can easily rotate the different varieties of crops with potato crops using cultural practices along with biological practices.
  • Biological practices enhance crop quality and yield, maintaining soil health for sustainable, long-term agricultural productivity.
  • It is an environmentally sustainable approach as the biological practice focuses on the long-term benefits rather than the short-term ones. It does not compromise with short-term advantages, too.

Optimizing BEVERIA WP Applications

Beveria WP is the best option as far as insecticides to fight potato leafhoppers are concerned. There are also a few other potato leafhopper insecticides to do potato leafhopper organic control but not as effective as this insecticide. Once you optimize the application process you will not panic thinking how to get rid of potato leafhoppers. There are a few points that you should keep in mind so that you can easily optimize its application.

  • Start preventative applications as soon as possible and include the cultural practices in them to do potato leafhopper control. 
  • Use sufficient spray volume for good coverage so that every corner of the farm is covered. Along with the plants ensure that even soil also gets sprayed properly.
  • Repeat applications at 10-to-15-day intervals so that you can prevent the attack of the potato leafhoppers. It can help with the biological management of potato leafhopper.
  • Combine with insect vector monitoring so that you can catch the initial attack of the dangerous insects.
  • Consider tank mixes so that you can get the best results easily.
  • Ensure proper calibration and spraying technique.

Case Studies Demonstrating BEVERIA WP Success 

Beveria WP might be new in the market, but if you check out the details about it, then you can check the university trials in Florida tomatoes. Commercial tomato fields in California have tried to reduce bacterial wilt incidence by up to 65%. It also gives a yield increase of 25-40% in treated plots very easily. Beveria WP’s active ingredient effectively protects potatoes from leafhoppers without harming beneficial insects, offering farmers confidence in managing pest issues.

Novobac offers effective biological solutions for controlling bacterial wilt and insect vectors like whiteflies and potato leafhoppers, gaining a strong reputation for sustainable agricultural practices and specialized biological insecticides.

Potato leafhoppers cannot have a breathing space if you keep the Beveria WP developed by Novobac handy with you. This brand has been doing great as far as manufacturing and researching more is concerned.

References:

  1. Wraight, S. P., and M. E. Ramos. “Application parameters affecting field efficacy of Beauveria bassiana foliar treatments against Colorado potato beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata.” Biological Control 23.2 (2002): 164-178.
  2. Wraight, S. P., and M. E. Ramos. “Synergistic interaction between Beauveria bassiana-and Bacillus thuringiensis tenebrionis-based biopesticides applied against field populations of Colorado potato beetle larvae.” Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 90.3 (2005): 139-150.

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