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Commercial Farmers’ Guide to Apple Maggot Control


Apple maggot is a serious pest problem and it is a headache in most of the main apple producing areas, that is why apple maggot control process is a necessity in today’s date. The lack of awareness helps the apple maggot attacks to happen in regular basis and destroy the whole crops. There is a need of effective protection to control Rhagoletis pomonella infestations and it can be done by knowing the best insecticide for apple maggot. Recognizing the pests and its damage capabilities can be helpful for the farmers to tackle it easily while doing apple maggot organic control.

Halved apple with an apple maggot visible inside, showing internal damage and brown decay against a white background.

Identifying apple maggots

Identification is the first step in countering anything, including the apple maggot issue. Usually, the primary hosts of apple maggots are crabapple and hawthorn, but these days, bitter cherry, common pear, and European plum are also being attacked and eradicated. It has got a life cycle of 2 weeks to 4 weeks but can destroy all the plantations thanks to its multiplying capacity. Knowing the apple maggot fly life cycle and its attack capabilities, it is high time that you learn how to identify and protect your plantation.

  •       Adults: These are 5 mm long and look slightly smaller than house flies. They have yellowish heads, legs, and green eyes. The body is entirely black, and the wings have black bands. If you look at all these colors, then you can quickly identify them.
  •       Larva: Larva is usually white and legless. It is about 6.5 mm to 8 mm long when it is about to mature like an adult.
  •       Pupa: It is about 5 mm long, and it looks a bit gold or brown. It has got oval shape.

Apple Maggot damage

Apple maggot damage is a very horrible thing, and you can see a few signs to confirm that the damage has already been done. The signs you should focus on are:

  •       Small dimples and depressions happen in the fruits as soon as the females insert their eggs under the skin of the apple.
  •       Apples that are infested in early stages will look bumpy when they mature.
  •       There can be premature drops, and the fruit can look mushy.
  •       If you focus properly, you can find brown tunnels in the flesh of the fruits as the larvae keep on feeding on them.

Apple Maggot Control

Green apple with visible apple maggot emerging from the top, showing small entry holes and slight damage.

Traditional method to control apple maggot

Traditional methods of tackling apple maggot issues are usually popular among small farmers. There are a few things that one should do as part of the traditional method, and they are:

  •       Remove any wild or odd trees that are within 500 meters of the apple orchards as they can be the source for apple maggots.
  •       Inspect the orchards regularly for signs of infestations and to find fallen fruits.
  •       Burry the infested fruits at least 30 cm below the ground level before the larvae can leave the fruit to attack other apples.

Chemical method for controlling apple maggot

It is essential to understand the problem and keep the fruits protected till the flies are captured. If no flies are captured after 14-21 days of treatment, avoid retreatment until another fly is captured. Apply insecticides to the outer two to four rows if flies are consistently captured in perimeter traps. Insecticides are usually applied against the second-generation codling moth during late July and August.

This application provides proper coverage to apples for 10-14 days, depending on the product used. Use chemical insecticides around the pre-harvest period when apples are near maturity, targeting pests effectively. Pests attack fruits during maturity, making this period crucial for effective pest control. Preferred chemical solutions include Imidan WP with phosmet, Ambush 500 EC, and Pounce 384 EC with permethrin.

Commercial farmers often use these insecticides, but prefer avoiding chemicals to protect future plantations and soil health. Use chemical methods only as a last resort to minimize impact on soil and future crop quality. These insecticides help control pests but can affect soil health and quality of future plantations.

Apple Maggot Organic Control

Package of Beveria WP on a wooden surface, with a banner stating "Beveria WP to Treat Apple Maggot" in the background.

It is the best method to control apple maggot issues. There are fungi like Beauveria bassiana, which is a naturally occurring entomopathogenic fungus that can control apple maggot issues. This fungus is known to be an environmentally safe option for controlling harmful pests while leaving good insects in the soil. It is even pet-friendly, and that is why pet owners do not need to worry while using it, even in their indoor gardens. Manufacturers like Novobac are constantly working to develop sustainable options for apple maggot treatment in agriculture. Checking the signs of infestation and using biological products can always be a suitable way to move ahead.

Why use Beveria WP from Novobac?

It is a natural and eco-friendly option for controlling the pest attacks. This works perfectly against a broad range of pests without hampering the quality of the soil. It never leaves any harmful residue and is safe for humans, too. It is the best organic pesticide for apple maggot. Apple maggot organic control can always be helpful in growing the plantation and getting better yield. Beauveria bassiana is its active ingredient, and it works like magic for commercial farmers.

How to use Beveria WP of Novobac?

It is straightforward to apply in the garden. For foliar application, you should mix 0.5 grams to 1 gram per liter of water and spray it evenly over all the plants. For soil application, you need to apply 2 grams to 3 grams per 1 liter of water. In soil application, we prefer to use the roots. It is the best insecticide for apple maggots. You will not worry about ever thinking about how to prevent apple maggots. If you are thinking about when to spray for apple maggots, then you should know that you can spray this solution every ten days as it is not harmful.

Conclusion

Apple maggot control should always be done by following proper process to get the best results. Damage of apples can lead to huge loss for the commercial farmers. Regularly check for infestation signs and use the apple maggot organic control process, trusting Novobac’s Beveria WP to help. Beveria WP, with Beauveria bassiana, ensures safe apple harvesting and maximizes yield for profitable farming. Using Beauveria bassiana as its active ingredient, Beveria WP always supports safe, effective apple maggot control. Farmers benefit from better yields and profits by incorporating Beveria WP into their apple maggot control strategy. Use the best insecticide for apple maggot issue and stay stress-free.

References:

  1. Świergiel, Weronika, et al. “Soil application of Beauveria bassiana GHA against apple sawfly, Hoplocampa testudinea (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae): Field mortality and fungal persistence.” Insect Science 23.6 (2016): 854-868.
  2. Cossentine, J. E., et al. “Susceptibility of apple clearwing moth larvae, Synanthedon myopaeformis (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) to Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium brunneum.” Biocontrol Science and Technology 20.7 (2010): 703-707.

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